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ⓘ 都元國



                                               

王建 (北魏)

王建 ,生卒年不詳,廣寧縣人,魏昭成帝母平文皇后從孫,南北朝時魏臣、武將。

                                     

ⓘ 都元國

都元 ,古國也,在馬來半島。此地之見於典籍也,維最古。 載:「自日南障塞、徐聞、合浦,船行可五月,有都元國。」:「從波遼國南去,到屈都乾國,土地有人民可二千餘家,皆曰朱吾縣民,叛居其中。都昆在扶南南三千餘里,出藿香。」引云:「朱吾縣屬日南郡,去郡二百里,此縣民漢時不堪二千石長吏苛求,引屈都乾為國。」:「都昆出好棧香、藿香及硫磺。其藿香樹生千歲,根本甚大,伐之四五年,木皆朽敗,唯中節堅貞,芬芳獨存,取以為香。」

                                     

1. 辨名

都元,又譯 屈都乾 、 都乾 、 都昆 、 屈都昆 、 都昆國 。馬來西亞登嘉樓有城曰Kuala Dungan,瀕海。屈都昆、屈都乾云者,即其對音。都乾、都昆、都元,則dungun之對音,馬來語也,羊味果之意。梁書稱之云 屈都昆 、 干陀利 、 斤陀利 。

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