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ⓘ 元稹



元稹
                                     

ⓘ 元稹

元稹 ,字 微之 ,別字 威明 ,唐河南河南人,代宗大曆十四年生。幼孤。九歲工屬文,十五擢明經,判入等,補校書郎。

元和元年舉制科,對策第一,拜左拾遺。性明銳,遇事輒舉。當路者惡之,出為河南尉,以母喪解。服除,拜監察御史。按獄東川。俄分司東都,召還。次敷水驛,中人仇士良夜至,稹不讓,中人怒,擊稹敗面。宰相以稹年少輕樹威,失憲臣體,貶江陵士曹參軍,而李絳、崔群、白居易皆論其枉。久乃徙通州司馬,改虢州長史。元和末,召拜膳部員外郎。

稹尢長於詩,天下傳諷,號元和體。穆宗在東宮,妃嬪近習皆誦之,宮中呼元才子。稹之謫江陵,善監軍崔潭峻。長慶初,潭峻方親幸,以稹歌詞數十百篇奏御,帝大悅。擢祠部郎中,知制誥。變詔書體,務純厚明切,盛傳一時。然其進非公議,為士類訾薄。俄遷中書舍人、翰林承旨學士。數召入,禮遇益厚。

裴度三上疏劾、稹傾亂國政。帝迫群議,出稹為工部侍郎。然眷倚不衰。未幾,進同中書門下平章事,朝野雜然輕笑,稹思立奇節報天子以厭人心。時王廷湊方圍牛元翼於深州,稹所善于方言︰「王昭、于友明皆豪士,雅游燕、趙間,能得賊要領,可使反間而出元翼。」李逢吉知其謀,陰令李賞訹裴度曰︰「于方為稹結客,將刺公。」度隱不發。神策軍中尉以聞,詔韓皋、鄭覃及逢吉雜治,無刺度狀,而方計暴聞,遂與度偕罷宰相,出為同州刺史。諫官爭言度不當免,而黜稹輕。帝獨憐稹,但削長春宮使,徙浙東觀察使。太和三年,召為尚書左丞,務振綱紀。然稹素無檢,望輕,不為公議所右。俄拜武昌節度使。五年卒,年五十三,贈尚書右僕射。

稹仲兄司農少卿積,營護喪事。所著詩賦、詔冊、銘誄、論議等雜文一百卷,號曰元氏長慶集。又著古今刑政書三百卷,號類集,並行於代。

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