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ⓘ 駢文



                                     

ⓘ 駢文

夫駢文者,古文體也。四六字為一句,務求對仗。又押韻者駢賦也。因其求藝之美,多以之寫景而不敍事。

                                     

1. 源起

始乎東漢,盛於南北朝。說文云:「駢,駕二馬也,從馬並聲。」

駢文又名四六文,此名源唐末李商隱樊南四六甲乙集,始得名。

書已有駢文之形,舜典云:「流共工於幽州,放驩兜於崇山,竄三苗於三危,殛鯀於羽山,四罪而天下咸服。」秦李斯諫逐客書亦如是。

                                     

2. 盛

駢文生秦漢,盛魏晉,興六朝,泛唐朝,「朝廷發號施令的典重文字,更無不用駢文。,」(瞿兌之駢文概論),沒於宋,復於清。

王勃滕王閣序為名駢文之一。

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